Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning torque is obtainable, a design system is included to start the motor. They are the various designations:
Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors
Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding no start winding. This configuration causes a shift of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications include followers and small appliances.
Split-Phase (induction start motor)
Has two units of stator windings. The “start” sprockets windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing starting torque. Applications include small grinders, small followers, and blowers.
The most typical single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It is a modified split-phase engine with a capacitor in series with the beginning winding to supply a start boost. Software include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.
Uses identical main and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They are the most reliable single-phase motor because no centrifugal beginning switch is necessary. Applications include fans and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.